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Biomass Energy Pros and Cons

Biomass is organic matter from plants and animals (microorganisms). Photosynthesis is the name process that stores the energy from sunlight in plants. Animals get this energy through eating the plants. Waste such as crops, manure and garbage are all excellent sources of biomass fuel.

Biomass has a wide array of uses such as directly as heat or to generate electricity with a steam turbine. Biomass can also be used to make methane gas, biodiesel and other biofuels. What are the pros and cons of biomass energy?

Biofuel from algae

Advantages of Biomass Energy


1 Renewable

We will always have the sources of biomass such as crops, manure and garbage. As you convert this year’s crop to fuel, you are growing another one for next years fuel. Renewing takes just as long time as it takes to grow or gather, and that can be as little as months in some cases.


2 Carbon Neutral

This is maybe most important of the advantages of biomass energy. Biomass is a part of the carbon cycle. Carbon from the atmosphere is absorbed into plants during photosynthesis and when the plant decays or is burnt that carbon goes back into the atmosphere. Because it is a cycle, the next crop of plants absorb that carbon over again, so there is a balance between the amount of carbon that the biomass fuel release into the atmosphere and the amount that they extract from it. This is why biomass fuels do not contribute to global warming. Biomass fuels are clean.


3 Cost-Effective

Energy harnessed from biomass is inexpensive compared to coal and oil. Typically they cost about 1/3 less than fossil fuels doing the same job. This means you can spend 1/3 less every year on heating your home and after 10 or 15 years that adds up to a considerable saving


4 Abundant

Biomass is available in large quantities all over the world. Large pipelines across country borders and oceans are therefore most likely not necessary.

Disadvantages of Biomass Energy


1 Expensive

Extraction of biomasses can be expensive. In some areas we find that biomass projects may not be worth the price and is therefore never finished. This is also true for the harvesting and storing of the different types of biomass.


2 Requires Space

We need big areas for all the different processes that are required in harnessing energy from biomass. The areas that are needed for storing can be particular large.

There is no doubt that biomass energy is one of the few potential replacements for fossil fuels. The benefits of both a renewable and clean energy source cannot be overlooked. It will be interesting to see how big of a part biomass energy will play in the future.

Read more about algae biodiesel in What is Biodiesel from Algae?


Comments - 26



January 8, 2013 7:44 pm Reply


Awesome!! This is what I was looking for! Thanks!

January 14, 2013 10:45 am Reply


thanks your awesome

April 15, 2013 2:55 am Reply


your EXCELLENT!!!!

April 18, 2013 10:47 pm Reply

Richard Rodriguez

Correct that some biomass grass crops could be more productive then
others? Reed vs Micanthus vs Giant King Grass? It would appear giganteus has advantages and is hardier in tropical areas. Most grass seem less invasive then the reed (canary) or even bamboo?
Thanks for your opinion & article!

August 2, 2013 9:17 pm Reply

jean wayman

this is THE BEST thing ever!just what i needed

September 30, 2013 7:03 pm Reply

jean wayman

by the way, can you make one about mechanical energy?thnks

October 2, 2013 7:03 pm Reply


Great info! Thanks

October 28, 2013 5:42 pm Reply


thanks this wass helpful

November 6, 2013 3:21 pm Reply

Robyn Clarke

there should be more cons i need three for a report I’m doing a report and there is only two that only helps me a bit. And for everyone who is looking for more cons the would have barely helped them. There for i would like to see more pros and cons on your pages.

thank you-Robyn

November 8, 2013 12:04 am Reply


Thanks banana man

November 8, 2013 6:31 pm Reply


this was really helpful for my essay on energy-thanks! i found it really helpful as it explains everything clearly. thanks so much!! louise

January 20, 2014 5:57 pm Reply


thanks every buggy yall are great just what I needed to finish ma project

February 2, 2014 11:39 pm Reply

Cweig Bartos

Sweet stuff bro! Go green all the way! Raws only

September 25, 2014 3:24 pm Reply


Oh by the way this really helped me on my project on biomass thank you energy information. Just can you make more on other energy’s that would be helpful! Just wanted to say that!!!!

Christina Brunson

December 3, 2014 4:56 pm Reply


thx so much!this helped me alot

December 12, 2014 2:16 am Reply

Mohammed kabir Suleiman

Thanks a million . This piece really helped. Me to have a better understanding of this important source of energy. I intend to Promote its utilization on wide scale in our environment .

December 23, 2014 6:46 am Reply


Thanks ALOT

January 6, 2015 10:05 pm Reply


OMG! Thanks. I needed this for an argument at school! The cons about their energy at least.

February 10, 2015 6:22 pm Reply

Reece Joyce

I wish that there were more con’s for each energy resources.

February 10, 2015 9:34 pm Reply


this was really good thx

February 17, 2015 7:40 pm Reply


this was so helpful for my science project!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

April 8, 2015 11:58 pm Reply



April 10, 2015 1:58 pm Reply


Is that it on the disadavtages.? But good info

April 10, 2015 7:02 pm Reply


this was reallly useful for my science project thank you kawaiii (^_^)>

April 14, 2015 12:33 pm Reply


Cost effective



April 16, 2015 3:46 pm Reply

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